International Organizations List

Iceland and International Organizations

The following is a list of principal international organizations and bodies of which Iceland is a member, and related organizations, many of which Icelandic government agencies belong to.

I. United Nations, specialized agencies and related bodies
Abbreviation
(f.=formerly)
Headquarters
Member since
United Nations
UN
New York
1946
Food and Agriculture Organization
FAO
Rome
1945
International Atomic Energy Authority
Vienna
1957
International Civil Aviation Organization
Montreal
1944
International Labour Organization
ILO
Geneva
1945
International Maritime Organization
IMO
(f. IMCO)
London
1960
International Seabed Authority
ISA
Kingston
1994
International Telecommunications Union
ITU
Geneva
1949
International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
Hamburg
1996
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Paris
1964
Universal Postal Union
UPU
Berne
1874
World Health Organization
WHO
Geneva
1948
World Intellectual Property Organization
Geneva
1986
World Meteorological Organization
WMO
Geneva
1950
World Trade Organization
WTO
(f. GATT)
Geneva
1968
(Associate 1964)
United Nations Programs etc.
Abbreviation
(f.=formerly)
Headquarters
Member since
  • International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
Arusha
---
  • International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia
Haag
---
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development
Rome
---
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Bonn
---
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
UNODC
(f. UNDCP)
Vienna
---
  • United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
New York/
Geneva
---
  • United Nations Secretariat of the Convention to Combat Desertification
Geneva
---
  • United Nations University
UNU
Tokyo
---
  • United Nations University Fisheries Training Programme
Reykjavík
---
  • United Nations University Geothermal Training Programme
Reykjavík
---
  • United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture
Geneva
---
  • United Nations Children's Fund
New York
---
  • United Nations Development Fund for Women
New York
---
---
---
---
  • United Nations Development Programme
New York
---
  • United Nations Environment Programme
Nairobi
---
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Geneva
---
  • UNHCR - Kosovo
---
---
---
  • United Nations Population Fund
New York
---
  • United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinial Refugees
Gaza/
Amman
---
  • World Food Programme
WFP
Geneva
---
II. World Bank and related bodies
Abbreviation
(f.=formerly)
Headquarters
Member since
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Washington
1945
International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes
Washington
1966
International Development Association
IDA
Washington
1961
International Finance Corporation
IFC
Washington
1956
International Monetary Fund
IMF
Washington
1945
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
Washington
1998
III. Other international organizations and bodies
Abbreviation
(f.=formerly)
Headquarters
Member since
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (Preparatory Commission)
Vienna
(2000)
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
Copenhagen
1938
International Criminal Police Organization
Lyon
1971
International Exhibitions Bureau (Bureau International d'Expositions)
BIE
Paris
1999
International Hydrographic Organization
IHO
Monte Carlo
1970
International Maritime Satellite Organization
London
1991
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITSO
(f. INTELSAT)
Washington
1975
International Customs Tariffs Bureau
Brussels
1891
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Haag
1997
Permanent Court of Arbitration
PCA
Haag
1955
World Customs Organization
WCO
Brussels
1950
IV. Nordic institutions
Abbreviation
(f.=formerly)
Headquarters
Member since
Nordic Council
NR
Copenhagen
1952
Nordic Council of Ministers
NMR
Copenhagen
1952
Nordic Cultural Fund
NK
Copenhagen
1976
Nordic Development Fund
NDF
Helsinki
1989
Nordic Environment Finance Corporation
Helsinki
1990
Nordic Industrial Fund
NI
Oslo
1973
Nordic Investment Bank
NIB
Helsinki
1976
Nordic Project Export Fund
Helsinki
1982
West-Nordic Council
VNR
Reykjavík
1985
V. Other regional organizations and bodies
Abbreviation
(f.=formerly)
Headquarters
Member since
Arctic Council
AC
(Changeable)
1996
  • Program for the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna
Akureyri
1996
  • Working Group on Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment
PAME
Akureyri
1999
Barents Euro-Arctic Council
(Changeable)
1991
Council of Europe
COE
Strassbourg
1950
  • European Centre for Modern Languages
Graz
1998
  • European Foundation for Heritage Skills
Strassbourg
---
  • European Audiovisual Observatory
EAO
Strassbourg
1992
  • European Support Fund for the co-production of cinematographic works
Strassbourg
---
Council of the Baltic Sea States
Stockholm
1995
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
London
1991
European Free Trade Association
Geneva
1970
---
Luxembourg
1994
  • EFTA Development Fund
EFTA-DF
Brussels
1994
  • EFTA Industrial Development Fund for Portugal
EFTA-IFP
Genva
1977
  • EFTA Surveillance Authority
ESA
Brussels
1994
European Telecommunications Satellite Organization
Paris
1987
North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission
Trondheim
1992
North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization
Edinborough
1983
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Brussels
1949
  • NATO Parliamentary Assembly (f. North Atlantic Assembly)
---
---
North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission
London
1982
Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization
Darmouth
1979
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
OECD
(f. OEEC)
Paris
1961
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Vienna
1972
  • OSCE Parliamentary Assembly
---
---
Western European Union
WEU
Brussels
1993
(Associate)
Related organizations
Abbreviation
(f.=formerly)
Headquarters
Member since
Audiovisual Eureka
AE
Brussels
1995
Australia Group
AG
(Changeable)
1993
Bank for International Settlements
BIS
Basel
---
Conference on International Trade in Endangered Species
Geneva
2000
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic
London
1998
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Brussels
1988
European Committee for Standardization
CEN
Brussels
1988
European Molecular Biology Organisation
Heidelberg
---
European Union
EU
Brussels
Not a member
International Astronomical Union
IAU
Paris
1988
International Commission on Missing Persons
---
---
International Committee of the Red Cross
Geneva
---
International Electrotechnical Commission
IEC
Geneva
1998
(Associate)
International Parliamentarians Union
IPU
Geneva
1951
International Standards Organization
ISO
Geneva
1992
International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
Toulouse
1967
International Union of Geological Sciences
Trondheim
1962
Missile Technology Control Regime
(Changeable)
1993
Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics
SCOSTEP
(f. IUCSTP)
(Changeable)
1978
(1969)
World Conservation Union
IUCN
(f. IUPN)
Gland
1973
World Energy Council
WEC
London
1949

Top of Page